FSDiffReg: Feature-wise and Score-wise Diffusion-guided Unsupervised Deformable Image Registration for Cardiac Images
26th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention (MICCAI)


Unsupervised deformable image registration is one of the challenging tasks in medical imaging. Obtaining a high-quality deformation field while preserving deformation topology remains demanding amid a series of deep-learning-based solutions. Meanwhile, the diffusion model's latent feature space shows potential in modeling the deformation semantics. To fully exploit the diffusion model's ability to guide the registration task, we present two modules: Feature-wise Diffusion-Guided Module (FDG) and Score-wise Diffusion-Guided Module (SDG). Specifically, FDG uses the diffusion model's multi-scale semantic features to guide the generation of the deformation field. SDG uses the diffusion score to guide the optimization process for preserving deformation topology with barely any additional computation. Experiment results on the 3D medical cardiac image registration task validate our model's ability to provide refined deformation fields with preserved topology effectively.